Insights

In brief - A poorly prepared Will can result in additional cost to the estate

In order to ensure that your estate is administered in an efficient and cost-effective manner, it is important to understand the formalities required to execute a valid Will.
 
If the formal requirements of preparing a Will are not adhered to, an estate will incur additional and unnecessary cost when the executor (or next of kin) needs to make an application to the Supreme Court to obtain a Grant of Probate or Letters of Administration. Read more about the difference between these in our article Probate v Letters of Administration

Take care when using technology to prepare Will documents

There are many instances where uncertainty due to formal requirements not being observed have impacted on the administration of an estate. A recent example that generated media attention and highlighted the additional stress caused to family members, cost to the estate and delay to estate administration occurred last year, where the Supreme Court of Queensland was asked to determine whether a "Will" composed in an unsent text message was valid. 
 
There is no doubt that technology in many circumstances allows for the effective preparation of documents. However, while electronic documents can be prepared easily, their convenience should not encourage slackness when it comes to properly drafting and executing a Will, and observing the required formalities.

Queensland Succession Act outlines five requirements for execution of a Will which are similar in many states

The formal requirements for execution of a Will as outlined in the Succession Act 1981 QLD are:
 
1. A will must be in writing
 
Writing is defined as any mode representing or reproducing words in visible form.
 
2. It must be signed by the testator 
 
Or, it can be signed by someone else in the presence of and at the direction of the testator. However, there should be independent evidence of this.
 
3. The signature of the testator must be made with the intention of executing the Will
 
4. The signature of the testator must be made in the presence of at least two adult witnesses 
 
Witnesses must be over 18 years of age. They should not be beneficiaries or spouses of beneficiaries under the Will.
 
5. The witnesses must attest and sign the Will in the presence of the testator
 
A person who cannot see and attest that a testator has signed a document may not act as a witness to a Will.
 
The above list is not exhaustive. The formal requirements are similar between states, however, variations do exist. 
 
Additionally, it is important to be aware of informal requirements that should also be attended to. For example, dating the Will, using the same pen for signing or not tampering with staples once affixed. 

Your Will should be prepared carefully to reduce costs to your estate and burden on executors

The simplest solution to avoid doubt regarding the validity of a Will is to take the time to properly prepare it. 
 
Preparation of a valid Will creates efficiency when arranging estate administration, reduces the cost to your estate and minimises stress to those dealing with your estate. Shortcuts should not be taken, as often the "quick, cheap and easy" Wills result in additional cost to your estate and delay to administration. 
 
You should consider speaking to a lawyer together with your accountant or financial planner regarding your Will and estate plan. 

This article has been published by Colin Biggers & Paisley for information and education purposes only and is a general summary of the topic(s) presented. This article is not specific legal or financial advice. Please seek your own legal or financial advice for any questions you may have. All information contained in this article is subject to change. Colin Biggers & Paisley cannot be held responsible for any liability whatsoever, or for any loss howsoever arising from any reliance upon the contents of this article.​

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